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Another brief example that showcases two more traditional African instruments: the ngoni donso and the valiha. The ngoni donso (the lower-pitched instrument in this example) inherited its name from an ancient traditional lute found throughout West Africa. Some believe it to be a possible African ancestor of the modern banjo. The valiha hails from Madagascar and produces a bright, plucked sound due to the metal strings found on the modern form of this instrument. This musical example showcases the instrument presets and contains no loops or phrases.

Composed and performed by:
Patrick Chartol

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